If your not-for-profit periodically prepares internal financial statements for your board, you may have noticed that your auditors propose financial adjustments to these interim statements at year end. Why do auditors do this? Generally, it reflects differences due to cash basis vs. accrual basis financial statements. But you can help minimize the need for such financial adjustments.

man in a suit looking at graphs and stats on a tablet; image used for blog post about not-for-profits minimizing financial adjustments

Here’s how.


Continue Reading How to Minimize Needing Year-End Financial Adjustments

Jen: This is The PKF Texas – Entrepreneur’s Playbook®. I’m Jen Lemanski and I’m here today with Carlos Gomez, an Audit Manager and one of the faces of our PKF Texas Contract Compliance Services team. Carlos, welcome back to the playbook.

Carlos: Hi, Jen.

Jen: So, previously we’ve talked about licensing agreements. Can you walk me and our viewers through the key sections of licensing agreements?


Continue Reading Key Sections of Licensing Agreements

Jen: This is The PKF Texas – Entrepreneur’s Playbook®. I’m Jen Lemanski, and I’m back once again with Emily Smikal, a tax director and one of the faces of our PKF Texas not-for-profit team. Emily, welcome back to the Playbook.

Emily: Thanks for having me again.

Jen: So, I know for profit organizations can be audited by the IRS. I’m assuming not-for-profit organizations can also be audited for the IRS. Are there any steps that they can take to maybe avoid an audit?

Emily: Yes, not-for-profit entities can be audited, and so, it’s important to just understand how the IRS selects which organizations they’re going to audit so you can be somewhat prepared for that. So, first of all, you can’t fully know; they will randomly select organizations to audit, but there are some common triggers to just be aware of.

Jen: What are those triggers?


Continue Reading How Your NFP Can Avoid Pitfalls of an IRS Audit

Jen: This is The PKF Texas – Entrepreneur’s Playbook®. I’m Jen Lemanski, and I’m back again with Nicole Riley, a Director on our audit team and one of the faces of PKF Texas’ not-for-profit team. Nicole, welcome back to The Playbook.

Nicole: Thanks. Glad to be here.

Jen: So, audits. You know, it’s the beginning of the year, people are starting to get things pulled together for their audit process. What could a not-for-profit organization do to make that process smoother when it comes time?


Continue Reading Three Tips for a Smooth Audit

Jen: This is The PKF Texas – Entrepreneur’s Playbook®. I’m Jen Lemanski and I’m back once again with Carlos Gomez, an audit manager, and one of the faces of PKF Texas’ Contract Compliance Services team. Carlos, welcome back to The Playbook.

Carlos: Thanks for having me, Jen.

Jen: So, we’ve been talking about different kind of audits throughout the series, and how about you share a little bit about what a royalty audit is.

Carlos: A lot of royalty audits that we performed is on behalf of a client who is not necessarily in a certain industry, whether it be consumer goods, toys, apparel, those types of things. And for this specific instance, we have a client who is in the automotive industry, and a way to build their brand recognition and loyalty is to have toys and have apparel. And so, a kid gets a truck, and his dad has a Ford F-150, and they get a Ford F-150 toy car for Christmas. It kind of builds that loyalty and brand loyalty.

Jen: So, when they’re building that brand loyalty, where does the royalty audit come in?


Continue Reading Royalty Audit – What is it and What are the Benefits?

Jen: This is The PKF Texas – Entrepreneur’s Playbook®. I’m Jen Lemanski, and I’m back again with Carlos Gomez, an audit manager and one of the faces of the PKF Texas Contract Compliance Services team. Carlos, welcome back to The Playbook.

Carlos: Hey Jen. Thank you.

Jen: In a previous episode, we talked about operational management audits, and you mentioned about findings and how we could find up to 10%. That sounds like a lot to me. What do we do in that process and what do findings look like?

Carlos: When we say 10% like that, that’s an industry standard throughout most contract compliance engagements. It’s 10% upon the amount of what we’re auditing or what our coverage is; whether it be gross sales or royalties, 10% is what we typically see. But we’ve had cases where certain clients I’ve seen have recovered 45% up to 100%, and that includes interest and audit fees on top of that, once those are recovered, because they meet a certain threshold within the agreement that now that third party is responsible for the fees. And then another great thing to keep in mind, too, is that the return on investment, like, our fees are never going to encompass the total amount that we find for you.

Jen: So, when we say recovered fees, what does that exactly mean? Is it something that was missing in the contract? Was it something that one of the parties didn’t do? Explain what that looks like.


Continue Reading Recovering Fees in Operational Management Audits – A Closer Look

Jen: This is The PKF Texas Entrepreneur’s Playbook. I’m Jen Lemanski, and I’m back again with Carlos Gomez, an Audit Manager and one of the faces of our PKF Texas Contract Compliance Services team. Carlos, welcome back to the Playbook.

Carlos: Hi, Jen.

Jen: Can you give me a little bit of background – what is a management or an operational agreement audit?

Carlos: What these typically entail is we have a client who has a third party that manages – whether it’s residential or commercial buildings – for them and their tenants.

Jen: What types of things are involved in this audit? Are there any risks associated with doing this type of audit?


Continue Reading Navigating Management Operational Agreement Audits

As of January 1, 2021, PKF Texas promoted three Senior Managers to Directors:

  • Nicole Riley, CPA, CFE, Audit
  • Chris Dodd, CPA, Tax
  • Emily Smikal, CPA, Tax

Photos of Nicole Riley, Chris Dodd and Emily Smikal - news about new directors at PKF Texas

Nicole joined the firm in 2014 and leads PKF Texas’ growing not-for-profit practice. She has over 10 years of experience performing financial statement audits and providing consulting services to

There has been a trend of increased litigation over the reasonableness of retirement plan fees, which is impacted by a lack of fiduciary responsibility. PKF Texas Audit Senior Manager, Kristin Ryan, CPA, recently published an article on the Houston Business Journal website discussing important considerations plan sponsors should be thinking about.

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In her article, Kristin

It’s important to schedule internal audits. Fraud doesn’t simply take a vacation during crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. If your not-for-profit’s internal controls aren’t effective, crooked individuals can find ways to exploit them and steal from your organization — even if they’re working remotely. Other threats, such as financial shortfalls, might also loom.

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Comprehensive independent audits help assure stakeholders that your not-for-profit is ready for anything that might come its way — including opportunities.


Continue Reading How Internal Audits Can Serve as Risk Mitigation